Types of Back Pain
Upper Back Pain

Upper Back Pain Causes

Chronic Back Pain 

Depression & Chronic Pain


Herniated Disc
Bulging Disc
Degenerative Disc Disease
Facet Joint Disease
Spinal Stenosis
Foraminal Stenosis




Low Back Pain
Causes of Low Back Pain
Low Back Pain Treatment
Epidural Steroid Injections
Surgery For Low Back Pain


Surgical Procedures
Types of Back Surgery
Spine Surgery
Spine Fusion
Spinal Disc Replacement



Back Pain Relief
Back Pain Treatment
Back Surgery
Artificial Discs
Insurance Carriers


Back Pain Definitions







Acute pain: severe pain that has a sudden onset, but lasts a short time
Addiction: a psychological or physical dependence on a medicine
Analgesic: medicine used to relieve pain
Adjuvant medicine: medicine that has another primary purpose but may in some cases relieve pain
Breakthrough pain: pain that occurs although the patient is being medicated
Chronic pain: pain that is constant and lasts a long time
Deep brain stimulation: a pain control method using electrodes implanted in the brain and controlled by the patient
Epidural medication: medicine that is injected into the spinal column
Immediate-release medication: medication that takes effect in a short period of time
Infusion: a method of administering medication into a vein
Intramuscular (IM) injection: injection of medication into a muscle
Intrathecal (IT) injection: injection of medication into the sheath around the spinal cord
Intravenous (IV) injection: injection of medication into a vein
Long-acting or sustained released medicines: medicines that act for long periods of time and are taken on a regular basis
Narcotic: medicine that produces pain relief by depressing the central nervous system (see opioid)
Neuropathic pain: pain, usually arising from nerve damage, that is burning, shooting or numbing
Patient-controlled analgesis (PCA): a method of pain control in which the patient controls the amount and timing of the release of the medication by pressing a button on a computerized pump that releases a preset amount of the medication into the patientís body
Phantom pain:

pain felt in a part of the body that is no longer there

Nerve block: injection of medicine directly into the nerve or spine for pain control

medicine that does not contain an opioid. Examples include acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen.  Many of these medicines are available over-the-counter and do not require a prescription.


medicine that requires a prescription and provides strong pain relief. Examples include morphine, hydromorphone, oxycodone and codeine.

Radiofrequency lesioning: a catheter is inserted through an incision and uses radiowaves to destroy affected nerves
Rescue medicines:

medicine used to control breakthrough pain

Somatic pain: pain, usually arising from the body wall or voluntary muscles in the legs or arms, that feels achy, throbbing and well localized in one spot
Subcutaneous injection (SQ): injection of medicine just under the skin
Titrate: to adjust the dose of medicine needed to control pain
Tolerance: adjustment of the body to medication so that more medication or another type of medication is needed to control pain
Vertebroplasty: cement is injected into the vertebrae to ease pain
Visceral pain:

pain, usually arising from the internal organs, that feels like squeezing, cramping or pressure










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Patient Resources

Anatomy of The Lower Back  -  Misdiagnosing Low Back Pain  -  Functions of The Low Back  -  Before Your Surgery  -  After Spine Surgery

Spine Surgery Questions  -  Anatomy of The Spine  -  Back Pain Definitions  -  Obesity and back pain  -  Orthopedic Surgeons  -  Spine Surgeons

Back Pain Myths  -  Back Pain Medication



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